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Artificial Grass Glossary

Artificial grass in Toronto is relatively new, and while it is growing in popularity and finding its way into more indoor spaces and exterior landscaping, there’s still so much to know. With guidance from the experts at Echoing Green, you can learn more about our leading European-engineered turf to better understand how it can be used in your residential or commercial property. 


A - 

Artificial grass: Synthetic turf or artificial grass is an alternative to natural grass that is designed in accordance with strict standards to look like healthy natural grass that stays lush regardless of weather or the level of care provided. 

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Backing: Each piece of artificial grass is equipped with a backing situated at the base. The base is where each strand of turf is secured. In older turf models, backings were made of latex or rubber which is viewed as inferior for many reasons including its weight, rigidness, and its susceptibility to crumbling over time, especially as it becomes exposed to different weather conditions. Alternatively, artificial grass in Toronto from Echoing Green is European turf designed with a polyurethane backing that is more durable, flexible, and strong, offering installers and property owners better landscaping results. 

BacShield Technology: Used in the production of TºCool Infill and artificial grass installations with Echoing Green, BacShield technology is a type of antimicrobial treatment designed to prevent the growth or contamination of bacteria, mold, and mildew, allowing for healthier and safer environments. 

Base preparation: This is part of the early stages of the synthetic turf installation process. During the base preparation phase, installers will excavate the ground where the turf will be installed, clearing any debris from the site and being sure to dig below root systems. Once the crushed stone additive is applied, your artificial grass installation team will also include a high-density weed barrier to prevent the penetration of weeds or other unwanted lawn intrusions, ensuring the perfect finish. 

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Drainage: Whether you’re installing artificial grass for your backyards or for your balcony, the turf is likely to encounter water from rain, spills, or the occasional rinse. Drainage refers to the ability to permeate water. Artificial grass from Echoing Green is engineered with drainage in mind. The permeable backing allows water to flow smoothly from the surface of the turf down into the ground. Artificial grass for balconies, decks, and other surfaces that don’t have a natural substances below can still offer excellent drainage when installed with our functional Air Drain Tiles that leave room for water to flow away. 

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Gauge: The term "gauge" in artificial grass refers to the distance between the stitch rows or the width of the artificial grass roll. It represents the spacing between the rows of fibers or blades on the backing material.

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Infill: Infill is the beaded material used at the base of artificial grass installations to weigh down the turf and provide ballast. Depending on the type used by an installation team, infill can offer many additional benefits, from odour reduction, surface cooling, improved drainage, and increased durability. 

M - 

Maintenance: Artificial grass is known for having very minimal maintenance needs when compared to natural grass. There is no mowing, aeration, fertilization, or watering required to upkeep artificial grass for backyards or other landscaping purposes. Artificial turf maintenance or cleaning is the process of debris removal, infill upgrades, and surface cleaning to refresh the look and feel of synthetic turf. 

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Pile: The term "pile" refers to the individual strands or blades that make up the surface of the turf. The pile is essentially the visible part of the artificial grass that resembles the blades of natural grass. Each pile consists of a fiber that is typically made from materials like polyethylene or nylon. The fibers are designed to be resilient, durable, and able to withstand regular use and environmental conditions.

Pile Density or Pile Weight: This refers to how densely packed the individual fibers are on a given piece of turf. Different styles of artificial grass will have different densities or weights, which will ultimately lend itself to how the artificial grass is used or where it is installed. 

Pile Height: Pile height refers to the length or height of the individual fibers in artificial grass. It determines the visual appearance and can vary depending on the intended use. Shorter pile heights are suitable for sports fields, providing better ball roll and player mobility. Longer pile heights create a more lush and natural look, often preferred for landscaping applications. Pile height also affects the durability and resilience of the artificial grass, ensuring it can withstand various conditions. 

Polyurethane Backing: Polyurethane is an advanced backing option used in some artificial grass, including all grasses available from Echoing Green. Polyurethane backings are designed to be flexible and durable regardless of environmental conditions and weather changes. The modern design is better equipped to handle the freeze-thaw cycle of Canadian seasons. And it is also lighter than older latex backings, polyurethane is lighter to carry, facilitating synthetic turf installation. 

To learn more about artificial grass, contact the Echoing Green team.


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